Dropouts In Classes VII & VIII Higher Than Bimaru States
Gandhinagar: Gujarat has dropped a notch in the national rankings of the Educational Development Index (EDI), largely because of the high dropout rates in classes VII and VIII . The state held the seventh rank in the index a decade ago but has now dropped to eighth.
This has come through in a Central government report which states that Gujarat improved overall index from 0.481to 0.545 on a scale of one, but its ranking slipped because many children were finding it difficult when they moved from the primary level to higher levels.
The report has been prepared by the Technical Advisory Committee (TAC), appointed by the central government, consisting of a dozen-odd experts from the Planning Commission, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and central government officials. Its draft, ‘Gendering Human Development Indices: Recasting GDI and GEM for India’, has been submitted for publication.
TAC member and director of Centre for Development Alternatives, Ahmedabad, Indira Hirway says Gujarat’s dropout rate in classes VII and VIII is very low compared to many other states, which are way beyond in economic development. In fact, the state ranks a dismal 18th among 20 states on this count.
It was found that only 36.5 per cent children between the ages 15 and 19 went to educational institutions in Gujarat. Even Bimaru states like Bihar (42.7 per cent), Rajasthan (40.8 per cent), Madhya Pradesh (41 per cent), and Uttar Pradesh (44.5 per cent) fare better when it comes to retaining children in higher levels in school.
Only Orissa and Andhra Pradesh with 29 per cent and 36.3 per cent, have been ranked below Gujarat. States like Himachal Pradesh with a whopping 72.2 per cent have performed the best, followed by Kerala’s 68.7 per cent and Uttarakhand 63.3 per cent.
Going beyond primary school enrolment, EDI analyses a number of factors, including overall literacy rate, gender disparity, standard of education and percentage of people going into higher education to decide on rankings.
Reference : Times of India 29th June 2009